An organizational structure defines the scope of acceptable behavior within an organization, its lines of authority and accountability, and to some extent the organization's relationship with its external environment.
More specifically, it shows the pattern or arrangement of jobs and groups of jobs within an organization and yet it is more than an organizational chart.
The organizational structure pertains to both reporting and operational relationships, provided they have some degree of permanence.
organizational structures should be shaped and implemented for the primary purpose of facilitating the achievement of organizational goals in an efficient manner.
The individual elements of an organizational structure typically include a variety of components that one may usefully see as building blocks:
- departments or divisions
- management hierarchy
- rules, procedures, and goals
- more temporary building blocks such as task forces or committees.